HEALTH

Mortality: All health surveys of Bernese mountain dogs in Denmark, UK and USA / Canada shows that this race is very short-lived compared to breeds of similar size and purebred dogs in general. Bernese Mountain Dog has a median life span of 7 years according to research in the USA / Canada and Denmark, and 8 years according to British research. By comparison, most other dogs of similar size, a life of 10 to 11 years. The longest-lived of 394 deceased Bernese Mountain Dog in a survey in 2004, died at 15.2 years of age.

Cancer is the leading cause of death for dogs in general, but the Bernese Mountain Dog has a much higher rate of fatal cancer than other dogs. Both studies in the USA / Canada and the UK show that almost half of the Bernese Mountain Dog died of cancer, in contrast to about 27% of the dogs. Bernese mountain dogs are killed by a variety of cancers, including histiocytic sarcoma cell tumor, lymphoma, sarcoma, fibrosarcoma and osteosarcoma.

Bernese Mountain Dog also has an unusually high mortality due to musculoskeletal disorders. Arthritis, hip dysplasia and cruciate ligament rupture were reported as the cause of death in 6% of the Bernese Mountain Dog in the British study. Mortality due to musculoskeletal disorders is less than 2% of purebred dogs in general.

Mobility [edit] Bernese Mountain Dog runs nearly three times greater risk of musculoskeletal disorders as other breeds. The most commonly reported musculoskeletal diseases is cruciate ligament rupture, arthritis (especially in the shoulders and elbows), hip dysplasia and osteokondrit. The age at onset of muscular-skeletal diseases are also unusually low. For example, 11% of the dogs in the U.S. study arthritis at an average age of 4.3 years. Most other non-musculoskeletal diseases attack the Bernese Mountain Dog to the same extent as in other dogs.

In short, prospective Berner Sennen-owners to be prepared to handle a large dog that he is having problems with mobility at a young age. Options to help disabled dogs may include ramps for car or ramps to the house. Comfortable beds can relieve joint pain.

All of this sounds really bad, but! if you listen to the breeder you purches your Berner from you will find that most of our Berner live longer and also learn how to massage your dog, and Stretching. A Good supplement like NuVet Plus and NuJoint Plus taken when the puppy is young and growing will help alot to stregnthen the bone and ligament as the pups grows so fast. And also listen to your breeder what food to give and what to stay away from.  So don’t be afraid to get a Bernese Mountain Dog, your life will be filled with joy and Happiness.
If your dog encountered a porcupine, take the dog to the vet, the dog need help and also Antibiotic. It’s NOT life freathn But it is very painful.

Health Implications in Early Spay and Neuter in Dogs
http://www.akcchf.org/news-events/news/health-implications-in-early.html?

Recent results from research funded by the AKC Canine Health Foundation have the potential to significantly impact recommendations for spaying and neutering dogs in the United States. Most dogs in the United States are spayed or neutered, and for years the procedures have been completed prior to maturity. The study, published in the prominent, open access journal PLOS One, suggests that veterinarians should be more cautious about the age at which they spay and neuter in order to protect the overall health of dogs.

A team of researchers led by Dr. Benjamin L. Hart at the University of California, Davis has completed
the most detailed study performed to date that evaluates incidence of cancer diagnoses and joint problems in one breed -- Golden Retrievers -- by neuter status: early (before 12 months old), late (12 months or older), and intact. Consistent with previous studies on the topic, the results showed increased likelihood of hemangiosarcoma, lymphoma, mast cell tumors, and canine cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture in neutered dogs.

The most profound observations were in hip dysplasia in male dogs when comparing early and late-neutering. The risk of development of hip dysplasia doubles, and disease occurs at a younger age in the early-neuter group compared to both the intact and late-neuter group. No occurrence of CCL disease was observed in intact male or intact female dogs, or in late-neutered females. In early-neutered dogs, the incidence of CCL was 5.1 percent in males and 7.7 percent in females, suggesting that neutering prior to sexual maturity significantly increases a dog’s risk of developing CCL disease. With respect to cancer, cases of lymphoma were 3-fold greater in the early-neutered males. Interestingly, incidence of mast cell tumors (male and female dogs) and hemangiosarcoma (female dogs only) were highest in the late-neuter group.

“Dr. Hart’s landmark study is the first to provide evidence for when to spay or neuter dogs. For years the veterinary community has been aware that early-spay and neuter may impact orthopedic health in dogs. Through a very detailed analysis and inclusion of body condition score as a risk factor, Dr. Hart was able to show that timing of spay and neuter does indeed have health implications,” said Dr. Shila Nordone, Chief Scientific Officer for the AKC Canine Health Foundation.

“CCL disease is painful, debilitating, and costs dog owners $1 billion annually to treat. The AKC Canine Health Foundation is committed to funding research, like Dr. Hart’s study, that can lead to evidence-based health recommendations. Armed with prudent guidelines for when to spay and neuter dogs we will have a significant impact on the quality of life for dogs,” continued Dr. Nordone.

Importantly, the task at hand is now to determine if the observations in this study are indeed true across all breeds and mixed breeds of dogs. Dr. Hart is interested in continuing his work by studying Labrador Retrievers, German Shepherd Dogs, and Dachshunds. Additionally, gaps in knowledge continue to exist concerning the complex relationship between sex hormones and cancer.

Last summer the AKC Canine Health Foundation released a podcast interview with Dr. Hart on his early-spay and neuter research as part of a series dedicated to the health of the canine athlete. To listen to the podcast visit www.akcchf.org/canineathlete

The publication “Neutering Dogs: Effects on Joint Disorders and Cancers in Golden Retrievers” is available online through the open access journal PLOS One . The work was funded by the AKC Canine Health Foundation with sponsorship from the Golden Retriever Foundation, Schooley's Mountain Kennel Club, the Siberian Husky Club of America, and the Vizsla Club of America Welfare Foundation.